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Terms you should know for Linux

Terms you should know for Linux

Binaries : Not Binary with only 0 & 1. Binaries on Linux systems are files similar to executables on Windows. So Binaries are programs (or) commands created (compiled) for you to use. Common locations for these binaries are /bin , /usr/bin , /sbin , /usr/sbin , . . . Usually put in directories. Binaries in /usr/ are user-level binaries. This means that it can be used directly from the user level. Includes commands such as ls, cd, and apps installed for user use such as firefox, chromium, etc.

Directory : In Windows it is called Folder. It is called a folder because many files can be stored in one place. A folder is called a directory in Linux. Then later, when you say Directory, you can know that you are talking about Folder.

Home : Home is green because it is not common in Windows. Except for root, any user has a private directory according to username in the /home directory. For example, if the username is kali, /home/kali/ is the user's home directory. The user's home directory also contains directories such as Desktop, Downloads, and Documents. For example, the files on the desktop of a user named Kali are in /home/kali/Desktop.

root : Almost every operating system has an administrator account (or) superuser account that is only used by trusted people. It is called root in Linux systems. Rooting Android phones means gaining administrator rights. Because if you have root access, the limit is quite low.

Terminal : If you want to show the most common thing in a Linux system, you should show Terminal. Terminal is the CLI (Command Line Interface) of a Linux system. Terminal supports the commands to work.

Shell: Linux systems require an interpreter environment to run commands. That is the shell. The most used shell is the bash shell, and there are also the C shell and the Z shell.

Script : It contains a lot of commands that need to be run. Many hacking tools are scripts. The script can be run on the corresponding interpreter. For example - what is written with a bash script is run on the bash interpreter. Written in python can also be run on the python interpreter. (Later, more and more Python tools came out and Python became more prominent among hackers.)

Besides these, there is another thing to note. That is, Linux systems are case sensitive unlike Windows. Kali and kali on Windows are the same thing. So you can't have 2 folders kali and kali in the same place. In Linux it is case sensitive. So Kali is different from Kali. So, Kali, kali, KALI, kAli, KAli, etc. are different, so when typing on Linux system, you need to pay special attention to capitalization.

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